Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder ( Copd )

966 Words Mar 7th, 2016 4 Pages
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder (COPD) is a progressive lung diseases mainly characterized as having emphysema and chronic bronchitis. It is one of the major cause of death and disability in the US.1 In 2011, it was the third leading cause of death in the US. Prevalence of COPD varies by state and was found to be 6.3% (nearly 15 million) amongst the US adults. Despite such high prevalence, it remains undiagnosed or untreated in nearly half of the population.3 Prevalence rate is higher among people over 65 years old, among females, and among non-Hispanic white population.3 It’s one of the major driver for avoidable healthcare costs. It causes long-term disability, early deaths and is an important issue affecting employee health and work-productivity. In 2010, the estimated direct healthcare costs by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood institute was $29.5 billion, where $13.2 billion accounted for hospital care costs, $5.5 billion were for physician services and $5.8 billion were for prescription drugs. The indirect cost estimated due to COPD was around $20 billion, and the number of productivity days lost due to suffering from COPD was higher than any other chronic conditions. ,
Several risk factors that are responsible for the development and progression of this disease includes tobacco smoke, air pollutants, occupational dusts and chemicals, genetics, history of childhood respiratory infections, socio-economic status and exposure to second hand smoke (SHS). ,…
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