Chronic Poverty in Nigeria Essay

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In the global economy, issues of poverty has for some time been at the centre of developmental goal of nations. The poor nations are eager to come out of poverty; the rich nations are evolving welfare strategies to improve the quality of life of their people. Poverty has been defined in many ways by several scholars, but what seems to be a general consensus is that poverty is a multidimensional phenomenon. According to (Narayan and Petesch 2002) Poverty is regarded as lack of financial capability to obtain basic need of life such as food, cloth, shelter as well as lack of access to education, health care and security. While some school of thought mirror poverty from absolute perspective and conclude that it is possible to
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This has necessitated government of Nigeria to design various poverty alleviation strategies to combat this “hydra headed monster” called poverty. It is in the light of this that this paper focuses on the poverty in Nigeria with a view to examining the micro causes of poverty, programme on alleviating poverty and the programme strengths and weaknesses in Nigeria.
Micro poverty in Nigeria is prevalent and most of these are found in rural communities. These are associated with poor infrastructure facilities, food insecurity, and traditional agricultural practices, poor access to credit, production inputs and general inability to meet basic need(Federal Office of Statistics 1999). According to(UN millennium project 2006), cited the causes of poverty as being enormous but the basic that affect the micro poor are lack of education, gender inequality, access to health care, lack of infrastructure, absence of market and government regulation /social unrest that often leads to war. Due to these constraints large numbers of people in developing countries (Nigeria) are in persistent poverty and trapped in cyclical poverty as shown in figure 1. Low income
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