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Chronic Sinusitis

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Sinusitis is the inflammation or the swelling of the membrane that lines the paranasal sinuses. Normal sinuses are filled with air but a person who suffers from sinusitis has their sinuses filled with fluid, bacteria/viruses/fungi. The fluid, bacteria/viruses/fungi result in the sinus infection (WebMD, 2015). The paranasal sinuses are composed of four pairs of air filled spaces: • Frontal sinuses • Ethmoid sinuses • Maxillary sinuses • Sphenoid sinuses These air filled spaces are located around the area of the eyes and the nasal cavity. Most common symptoms include nasal discharge and pain in the facial region (NIAID). Viral sinuses takes 10 days to improve and the symptoms don’t get worse on the other hand a bacterial sinus does not have a set amount of days it’s defined by the duration of the symptoms. Fungal sinus is associated with chronic sinuses, this results because of weak immune systems or long term antibiotics (Casperen, 2015).…show more content…
The sinuses are compromised in terms of drainage and airing. This results in the decrease of pH and oxygen. The cilia that function to clear the secretions by moving them to the nasal cavity to exit the body, but in the case of sinusitis the functionality of the cilia decrease. The mucosa become damaged and the person becomes more susceptible to the microenvironment resulting in infection as mentioned above. Sinusitis can be classified in four classes; acute symptoms (less than 4 weeks), subacute symptoms (between 4 to 8 weeks), chronic symptoms (longer than 8 weeks) and recurring symptoms (three or more acute symptoms a year) (Leung,
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