Chronological Background To Eal Teaching In Schools. Discussion
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Chronological background to EAL teaching in schools Discussion of inclusion and integration of different cultures.
This literature review will be organised in chronological order. Firstly, the historical background for research that has taken place into data found from a school census will be considered. Secondly, the current context which research is situated in English schools related to English as an Additional language will be discussed. Thirdly, key terminology will be defined that will be used in the remainder of this research. Fourthly, research which extends and challenges initial thoughts will be addressed and any gaps that there may be in the field of research will be identified. Finally, evidence which supports practical…show more content… The diversity of culture, society and language in England, is reflected in schools.
A variety of strategies, aims and recognition of successful outcomes in bilingual education have been proposed from the mid-1900s ( find more theorists Drury) which consider important factors that have an impact on pupils including the school they go to and the home environment which children belong to (social aspects and languages spoken around the child), importance of the minority language and educational aims in policies and legislations.
Theorists (Cummins 1970s and beyond, Krashen 1980s, Drury 2015). What have these researchers found? In chronological order. National Curriculum, report, report.
Since the 1900’s many theorists have carried out research into language development and many theories are still being used in the classroom to develop strategies which are highly effective in ‘Second Language acquisition’ (SLA). An example of this is Cummins’ (1981) Iceberg Model which identified two types of language proficiency. The first type is called basic interpersonal communication skills (BICS) and the second type is called ‘cognitive academic language proficiency’ (CALP). EAL children can take up to one – two years to gain BICS, and between five – seven years to gain CALP. Stage 1(about a year and a half) – beginner: starting to learn basic skills in English as a new learner
Stage 2 (up to two