Church Sect Theory : A Theory Of Origins

723 Words Aug 6th, 2015 3 Pages
Church-sect theory was never intended as a theory of origins. It is surprising that it had dominated the empirical literature on both established and new religious movements. The main of church-sect theory in modern social psychology has been Reinhold Niebuhr’s work on the social sources of denominationalism that are what many persons think of us as churches which is groups commonly accepted as legitimate religion organizations within their host cultures. Niebuhr work is a modification and popularization of church, sect, and mysticism that are the three types of religious organizations articulated in Troeltsch’s classical work called the social teachings of Christian churches that are church-sect-mysticism in favor of a two-part typology which are church-sect. He suggested that persons who are dissatisfied with the commonness and permissiveness of churches as they successfully appeal to the masses seek more demanding criteria for membership. Niebuhr’s modification of Troeltsch’s typology is confounded when it is recognized that Troeltsch’s three-type typology was derived from two independent dichotomies done by Max Weber. Weber had two typologies, which are church-sect and mysticism-asceticism. Troeltsch single typology was a modification to simplify and clarify his friend Weber’s dual typologies. Garret argues that a significant disjuncture separates Weber’s and Troeltsch’s typologies, when it comes to consider mysticism. Church-sect theory can contribute in organizing the…
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