Church-state Relations in America

1017 Words Jan 31st, 2018 4 Pages
One school of thought holds that the church should be absolutely separated from the state, while another holds that the church plays a moral role in state building and its sanctity, without which the state risks falling apart. In my discussion of the church-state relations, I will show that the history of church-state relations has a Constitutional background. I will attempt to discuss the two schools of thought and how they have shaped contemporary American political thought. I argue that the two extreme positions do have a common ground. This is followed by a summary of my key arguments and a conclusion to my essay. The First Amendment of the Constitution of the United States establishes religious freedom: “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech or of the press; or the right of people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.” Against the Constitutional background, Thomas Jefferson wrote a Bill for establishing Religious Freedom. The Bill was passed at the Virginia General Assembly in 1777. Jefferson believed that it was not enough to have a Constitutional provision that debars Congress from establishing a religion for all. But it is equally important to separate the Church from the state to guarantee Religious Freedom where each and every one will…
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