Gentrification has been a controversial issue both in urban planning and politics primarily due to the displacement of poor people by the rich folks (Shaw & Hagemans, 2015). Many individuals have viewed gentrification as an illegal act that should be avoided at all costs. On the other hand, another group of people believe that gentrification is the way forward to promoting growth and development. With such contrasting ideas, this paper is going to take a look at gentrification from a positive and negative perspective, its effects, and how it can be prevented or contained. Apart from this, the paper will also address the following questions.
During my interview, Dr. Owens let me know that the U.S. Census Bureau stopped collecting data on income, and referred me to the American Community survey. Furthermore, she gave me feedback on my index for gentrification, and made the suggestion to exclude race and ethnicity since affluent racial minorities can contribute to gentrification. By specifying the factors investigating and listing my assumptions, I give the a general idea of why I think that these factors are important to the operationalization of gentrification, and support my choices with what has been done in past studies. In the discussion section, I reason why this study is significant and how it could lead to subsequent policy changes. By outlining ways in which different audiences can benefit from this study, I show that in addition to extending the existing research, my study has the potential to make societal impacts across various fields. If this proposal were to become a dissertation, this section would be more extensive and would draw upon the results found after collecting all the
Urbanization is inevitable, whether we want it or not. Opposers are constantly bickering about the political and moral consequences of gentrification. This topic is indeed mind boggling and complex. However, there is a need to observe this multi-faceted phenomenon in a different angle. Change is the force of diversity, safety and
In the book “The Next Hundred Million – America in 2050” the author Joel Kotkin writes about the future of America when it reaches a population of 400,000 citizens. The central point of this book is that it gives an insight into the evolvement of metropolises, cities, immigrants, businesses, places of worship and families, both in early growing regions and in esteemed older ones. In chapter one: Four Hundred Million Americans it is said that “Suburbs are rarely dominated by one ethnicity, and alongside the temples and mosques you will also find churches and synagogues.” which supports the central point of the improvement and furthering of places of worships which wouldn’t have been so diverse if it wasn’t for the increase of immigrants. In
Brooklyn, New York, was once an area that many people who were moving to the New York City region took as a granted place for low-rent homes and apartments. However, many people currently, particularly those people of color, are finding themselves displaced out of Brooklyn due to growing high rents and the inevitable growth of gentrification. Gentrification occurs in urban neighborhoods when the arrival of wealthier people and higher-end businesses results in an increased displacement of lower income families and small businesses. This additionally directly causes an increase in rents and property values and changes in the socio-economic structure for that town. For my paper, I hope to focus on the effects of gentrification for communities of color in Brooklyn.
Gentrification presents itself when outsiders enter an urban community, commonly densely populated with people of color, and through complicit actions wards off the residents within. As the area begins to gain popularity and appeal, the soaring property prices create an incentive for the property owners to rid of the tenants to make room for the newcomers. Furthermore, corporations begin to supersede homes and exploit defenseless communities. Although the newcomers do tend to improve these previously indigent neighborhoods, it comes at the destruction of the cultures that exist within said neighborhoods. Therefore, the amenities of the communities of color enervate in the name of gentrification.
The Articles of the “Boyd Defensive Development” and “Hwang & Sampson Gentrification” discuss the idea of Gentrification through analytics, examples, and deep research through the city of Chicago during a relative time. The Boyd Defensive Development uses historical and ethnographic research to strategically protect total control of their neighborhoods by white residents and developers. Hwang and Sampson Gentrification uses many social observations with examples from google maps, census data, etc. to reflect effects on Gentrification throughout communities.
One major problem found with industrialization is the development of political machines. A political machine is a group that controls politics for financial gain. One major political machine was located in New York City in the Tammany Hall building led by Boss Tweed. William L. Riordan wrote about George Washington Plunkitt who worked under Boss Tweed. He would use insider knowledge to make a profit. Plunkitt would find out the city was going to build a jail, so he would buy the land for the jail at a low rate then sell it to the city at a high rate. This would create a profit to give back to Boss Tweed. Plunkitt would also help families that had their houses burnt down to get them to agree to anything he said. This allows for the political
Before the steel industry started its decline in the Chicagoland areas, they saw a major spike in production after WWII, there was also large amounts of labor strikes in the steel industry. These strikes were the beginning of the end for Chicago’s steel industry, “For the most part, strikes at Chicago-area plants between 1900 and 1920 ended in defeat for workers. The largest of these strikes occurred in 1919, when 90,000 Chicago-area workers led an industry wide national protest coordinated by the American Federation of Labor (AFL) that sought union recognition and the 8-hour day. The strike temporarily halted steel production, but, after state and federal troops were called in, workers returned to their plants.” During World War II was when
The industrialized world of today can largely be attributed to the efforts of the United States and Great Britain. Inventions such as the light bulb and the assembly line proved to be instrumental in helping these nations develop into the economic super powers they are today. War also motivated these nations to expedite their efforts to grow and production of goods needed for war vastly improved employment opportunities. The civil war reconstruction era kick started United States' industrialization and World War 1 did so for both the United States and European nations. What these nations had in common was the ability to capitalize in the genius of the collective minds of a few individuals. Industrialization began in the late 1800s and throughout the early 1900s factories in the United States and Europe rolled products off the assembly line that would change the world such as
Gentrification can be defined as the shift from independent businesses to high end franchises, resulting in increase in property value, displacing long term community members and businesses, and changing the social class of the neighborhood. It is a form of structural violence as it denies some groups basic needs such as affordable housing and food security. Root causes of gentrification are family structure, job growth, lack of housing, traffic congestion, public sector policies, and racism.1 The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention lists gentrification as a public health issue because where one lives plays a role in their health.1 It can affect one’ physical and mental health and whether the effects are entirely positive or negative is debatable. Some negative effects of gentrification include displacement, loss of affordable housing, homelessness, and loss of social diversity. Some positive effects include increase of property value, new businesses, and decrease in crime rates.
In the article, “Is gentrification a problem”, speaks about the American ghetto and how changing neighborhoods can affect ethics and the economy. This article also speaks on the original meaning of the word “ghetto” and how it now comes into play with today’s new meaning of ghetto.
The Industrial Revolution made everyday items and transportation readily available, made children who worked in factories happy, and allowed community growth. In Document 3, Charles Knight is explaining the benefits of industrialization which occurred because of the Industrial Revolution since it was happening in 1831. This book Knight wrote was intended to reach the people who protested in Bristol, England, and also people of the working class who were upset with the current working conditions in factories. Charles Knight wrote and published a book therefore he is educated and part of the upper class. He wrote this book to increase employment and to show the people of Bristol the positives of industrializing. However, the reason why the
The dominant group sets out to create their ideal world, which also forces one to understand community as the “imagined world” of the powerful, how it was created, “and how it changed over time” (269). That leads one to see “the study of community as a socio-cultural process” of creation and interaction (267). Consequently, the social interaction between the powerful group and the weaker ones becomes just as important as the interaction within the dominant group. In this definition of community, Los Angeles becomes a case study for the creation of urban communities in the United States, a study that starts with the Anglo immigration near the turn of the 20th century.
Corporations are taking over the urban landscape. In previous years, many upper and middle class families fled to the suburbs to escape the everyday hustle of city life. However, in recent years, city living has become glamorized and thus the movement back into the city has increased. Once blighted inner-city neighborhoods are being taken over and revitalized by corporate leaders in hopes to redesign and yuppify these areas. As more money is put into the area, the higher the market value goes up and as a result, many local residents can no longer afford to live there. While these residents are pushed out, a more ‘desirable’ group of residents move in and thus, take over. This process, known as gentrification, is occurring in many cities all across the nation. In the past, displaced residents could possibly move to another area that was not undergoing this process. However, as we are seeing in Chicago, it is nearing impossibility to move to an area within the city that will not