Civil And Criminal Court Procedures

1589 Words Sep 20th, 2015 7 Pages
In America, we have a very large and complex court system. The court system is considered a dual court system, where state and federal courts are separated. This type of system is necessary because power is divided between the federal government and the individual states, with the goal of making federalism parallel from state to federal courts. This paper will discuss the structure of the courts within the United States and their roles as well as the difference of civil and criminal court procedures.
In 1789, Congress assembled and arose with the Judiciary Act of 1789. Within this act, the judicial system was composed of Trial Courts, Supreme Court, and Appellate Courts. There were three branches of government that were created, judicial, legislative, and executive. The U.S. federal court is derived from Article III in the Constitution. The Supreme Court is established in Section 1 of Article III, providing Congress with the authority to ordain and establish such inferior courts (Article III, 2015).
There are three basic levels of federal courts, The U.S. Supreme Court, U.S. Court of Appeals, and U.S. District Courts. The framers specified the jurisdiction of these courts and set the appointment process for Supreme Court judges. The Court of Appeals has 13 circuits, 12 regional circuits and 1 for the federal circuit. The trial courts (U.S. District Courts) have 94 court districts, each with a bankruptcy court, plus the court of federal claims, and the court…
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