Civil Law

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Civil law (common law)
Civil law is the branch of law dealing with disputes between individuals or organizations, in which compensation may be awarded to the victim. For instance, if a car crash victim claims damages against the driver for loss or injury sustained in an accident, this will be a civil law case.[1] Civil law differs from criminal law, whose emphasis is more on punishment than in dispute resolution. The law relating to civil wrongs and quasi-contract is part of the civil law.[2]
In the common law, civil law is the area of laws and justice that affect the legal status of individuals. Civil law, in this sense, is usually
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This can be contrasted with common law systems whose intellectual framework comes from judge-madedecisional law which gives precedential authority to prior court decisions on the principle that it is unfair to treat similar facts differently on different occasions (doctrine of judicial precedent).[1][2]
Historically, civil law existed in the times of Ancient Egypt and it is the group of legal ideas and systems ultimately derived from the Code of Justinian, but heavily overlaid by Germanic, canon-law, feudal, and local practices,[3] as well as doctrinal strains such as natural law, codification, and legislative positivism.
Conceptually, civil law proceeds from abstractions, formulates general principles, and distinguishes substantive rules from procedural rules.[4] It holds case law to be secondary and subordinate to statutory law, and the court system is usuallyinquisitorial, unbound by precedent, and composed of specially trained judicial officers with a limited authority to interpret law.Juries separate from the judges are not used, although in some cases, benches may be sat by lay judges alongside legally-trained career judges.
The purpose of codification is to provide all citizens with an accessible and written collection of the laws which apply to them and which judges must follow. It is the most widespread system

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