Essay about Civil Rights and Equal Employment Opportunity

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It may be difficult for the younger generations to comprehend the idea of discrimination, and the turmoil our country once faced in its efforts to end the intolerant treatment of our fellow Americans. Part of this is due to the massive strides our country has taken since the Civil Rights Act of 1964 took effect nearly 50 years ago. Our current President is of African American decent, we not only have women sitting on the U.S. Supreme Court, but minority Justices as well. Still, with the leaps and bounds we as a country have made, discrimination still exists in not only our daily lives, but in the job market as well. Anti-discrimination legislation has been part of our country’s history for 145 years. In 1866, Congress passed the…show more content…
It's clear that our country was headed in the right direction, but after hundreds of years of slavery and a lack of women’s rights, changing the minds of millions of Americans would not be easy. During the 1960’s the Civil Rights movement was gaining momentum and was felt at the top level of our government. Prior to his death, President Kennedy was working on a civil rights act that would be later signed in to law by his successor, President Johnson. Title VII of The Civil Rights Act of 1964 makes it illegal to: Discriminate against someone on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, or sex. The law also makes it illegal to retaliate against a person because the person complained about discrimination, filed a charge of discrimination, or participated in an employment discrimination investigation or lawsuit. The law also requires that employers reasonably accommodate applicants' and employees' sincerely held religious practices, unless doing so would impose an undue hardship on the operation of the employer's business (Laws, n.d.). Born out of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. The E.E.O.C. is charged with enforcing the laws that prohibit discrimination of a protected class in all aspects of the employment process. In other words, they ensure employers act fairly in hiring, firing, promoting, giving raises, testing and training (Teaching, n.d.). Since its inception, the power of the E.E.O.C.
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