Civil Society And Social Capital

1998 Words Sep 30th, 2016 8 Pages
Civil Society and Social Capital By
Kirubel Ayetenfisu
Fall, 2016 Submitted to PSC 760R: Proseminar In Comparative Politics Dr. Michelle Kuenzi
Department of Political Science
University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Civil Society and Social Capital
Both civil society and social capital have been conceptualized numerously though there appears to be a lack of settled definitions of these key concepts. An online survey that polled one hundred scholars in the European Union has, for example, reported diverse and even opposing responses on what the definition of civil society should be and whether or not some groups qualify as such (Kohler-Koch and Quittkat 2009). While such diversity is not that uncommon in social science, it should be noted that a few common aspects have emerged despite scholars varied presentation of these concepts.
Relationships of actors in various sorts within a society, such as friendship between individuals, membership in a group, and other ranges of social life mirrors “the breadth of the social capital concept” explain Adler and Kwon (2002, 17), pointing to some attributes of these ties whose foundation relies heavily on ‘good will’ people exhibit to one another. Paxton (2002, 256) lists some of these common attributes: ‘trust, reciprocity, and positive emotional attachment’. Paxton links such relations to civil society which is further marked by voluntary participation. While embracing some of these characteristics, Fukuyama…

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