Civil Society 's Influence On Society

2848 WordsOct 16, 201412 Pages
Civil society appeared the first time in Europe in the 16th century and it has become populated since the 18th century (Edwards, 2004). In Asia, civil society has attracted considerable attention in the past decade; In fact, some scholars believe that there is no term of “civil society” in Asia at all (Rowe 1993). However, models of civil society in Europe were often offered after civil society had appeared, but in Asia, civil society is seen at different stages as well as political constitutions. There is no single definition of civil society. For the early definition, civil society was defined as "that arena of social engagement which exists above the individual yet below the state" and " a complex network of economic, social, and cultural practices based on friendship, family, the market, and voluntary affiliation" (Wapner 1998: 510). Recently, Kaldor (2000:4) offered five different versions of the concept about civil society, including The Societas Civilis, Bourgeois Society, The Neo-liberal version of Civil Society, The Activist version of Civil Society, The Post-Modern version of Civil Society. Among this five versions, the last three ones are pertinent to the circumstances of Vietnam explaining NGOs as one of the institutions or components of civil society, which develops as "self-organisation outside the formal political circles" and "expands space in which individual citizens can influence the condition in which they live both directly through self-organisation and

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