Civil Unrest And The Middle East

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Civil Unrest in the Middle East
The recent conflict in Syria encompasses a series of events that have led to a political and humanitarian crisis. Since the civilization origins, Syria has suffered invasions, changes and violence. In the 1900’s and after 400 years of Ottoman’s Empire domain, the Arab army, supported by French, entered in Damascus. Emir Feisal was crowned as king of Syria, but French troops forced him to resign few months later. A new France state has been arisen, and it was divided in three separate regions and dominated by two religious groups: the Alawis and the Druze. The French domain did not last long and faced nationalist’s protests. Finally, Syria gains independence although France had the economic and military control until 1946 when the last French troops left Syria. Since then, military and civilian government interleaved power. The Arab Socialist Baath party was created but a coup d’etat dissolves all the political parties
The good relationship between the nationalist elected president, Shukri al-Quwatli, and Egypt brings the creation of the United Arab Republic where the Egyptian president leads the new state; nevertheless, a group of Syrian army officers disagrees with the union, takes the power, and dissolves the new state. The Baathist cabinet appoints Amin al-Hafez as the new president, but his power last just three years until a new coup arise, and Hafez al-Assad was elected as defense minister. In 1970, al Assad overthrows president Nur
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