Civil War Essay

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Civil War

Civil war was the greatest war in American history. It was waged in 10,000 places-from Valverde, New Mexico, and Fernandina on the Florida coast. More than three million Americans fought in it and more than 600,00 men died in it.
It was not only the immensity of the fight but the new weapons, the new standards of generalship, and the strategies of destruction which made the Civil
War an event present ever since in the American consciousness.

Here are some of the crucial events of the war: the firing of the first shots at
Fort Sumter; the battles of Shiloh, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg; Sherman's dramatic march to the sea; the surrender at Appomattox. In fact, Civil War wasn't simply the story of great
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Lincoln hoped to resolve the national crisis without warfare. When president Lincoln planned to send supplies to Fort Sumter, where North only had in the South at the time, he alerted the state in advance, in an attempt to avoid hostilities. South Carolina, however, feared a trick; the commander of the fort, Robert Anderson, was asked to surrender immediately. Anderson offered to surrender, but only after he had exhausted his supplies. His offer was rejected, and in April 12, the Civil War began with shots fired on the fort.
Fort Sumter eventually was surrendered to South Carolina.

Attack on Fort Sumter prompted four more states ,Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina, to join the Confederacy (South). Eventually, the residents of the western counties of Virginia didn't wish to secede along with the rest of the state. This section of Virginia was admitted into the Union as the states of West Virginia in June 20, 1863. On June 1861, public demand pushed General- in-Chief Winfield Scott to advance on the South before adequately training his untried troops. Scott ordered General Irvin McDowell to advance on Confederate troops stationed at Manassas Junction, Virginia, where near the Capital of South,
Richmond. Then McDowell attacked in July 21, and was initially successful, but the introduction of Confederate reinforcements resulted in a Southern victory and a

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