Essay about Civil War and The South's Loss

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Civil War and The South's Loss “In all history, no nation of mere agriculturists ever made successful war against a nation of mechanics…You are bound to fail.” Union officer William Tecumseh Sherman to a Southern friend. “Why did the North win the Civil War?” is only half of a question by itself, for the other half is “Why did the South lose the Civil War?” To this day historians have tried to put their finger on the exact reason for the South losing the war. Some historians blame the head of the confederacy Jefferson Davis; however others believe that it was the shear numbers of the Union (North). The advantages and disadvantages are abundant on either sides of the argument, but the most dominate arguments on why the South…show more content…
205). Another internal conflict that plagued the South was opposition to an establishment of a Confederate supreme court because supreme courts could destroy localism according to Senator Louis T. Wigfall. Even the building of railroads provoked a conflict because “such construction would undermine state authority and that the South did not need them because armies and munitions and military supplies…will be mainly transported by other means” (Beringer, p. 205). A constant “tug of war” was occurring between the central and local governments limited the South greatly and was a factor in its defeat in the Civil War. In addition to the South having conflicts with state governments, Jefferson Davis poor leadership and his failure to work together with his generals caused the South to lose the Civil War. Davis had two popular generals, Robert E. Lee and Judah P. Benjamin. Benjamin was never allowed to bring his ideas of originality to Davis and was often blamed for measures Davis chose not to explain. Lee never was allowed to command over the other officers. When congress adopted a bill establishing the office of general in chief, intended for Lee, Davis vetoed it. Davis’s well-know feuds with two of the Confederacy’s premier generals, Beauregard and Joseph Johnston, undoubtedly hurt the South’s war effort. Another
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