Cja 314 Crime Data Comparison Essay

1627 Words Sep 25th, 2013 7 Pages
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Crime Data Comparison: Honolulu & New York
NAME
CJA 314
DATE
PROF.

Crime Data Comparison
Crime is something that occurs throughout the world. To some people it is an incident that adds stress to one’s life, and to others, they see it as a way of life. Over the last years, different areas of the United States have been affected by crime. The Federal Bureau of Investigation Uniform Crime Report (UCR) Program is a nationwide program that gathers statistical information from nearly 18,000 agencies that report criminal data on crimes that have been brought to their attention or reported voluntarily (The Federal
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Even though, the rates of violent crimes increased in New York, New York, some crime rates increased in Honolulu while other crimes decreased. In New York, the total amount of violent crimes increased between those two years by 2,132 incidents, or a 4% increase. For each individual crime, murder/non-negligent manslaughter increased an estimated 12%; rape increased 20%, robbery by 5%, and aggravated assault increased 3% (The Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2009).
In Honolulu, the overall amount of violent crimes increased between the two years of 2009 and 2010 by 11 incidents. For each crime, murder/non-negligent manslaughter increased 26%; robbery increased 2%; aggravated assault increased by 9 incidents; however, forcible rape decreased by 10% (The Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2010).
Theories
A number of factors take place regarding incidents of crimes and why they may have been committed that might explain the difference between the two. In determining these factors, theories of crime must be considered since there is more than one factor present when one commits a crime. These theories include learning theory, labeling theory, social disorganization, trait theory, social conflict, choice theory, and life course theory.
The social process theories, which include the labeling theory and learning theory, take into thought that criminal behaviors in people are foreseeable based on the interaction with her or his environment. The learning theory…