Class Action: Bhopal Gas Tragedy

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Class Action- Definition
A class action is a type of lawsuit in which one or several persons sue on behalf of a larger group of persons, referred to as "the class." It may be called as representative action which is a type of lawsuit where one of the parties is represented collectively by an individual who is member of group of people. The class action originated in the United States and is still predominantly a U.S. phenomenon, but several European countries with civil law, have made changes in recent years to allow consumer organizations to bring claims on behalf of consumers. In a typical class action law suit a plaintiff sues a defendant or number of defendants on behalf of a group of persons. It is a Civil Action. The class action must have certain definite characteristics (often referred to by the acronym CANT):
1. Commonality: there must be one or more legal or factual claims common to the
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Union Carbide Corporation & Sahu v. Union Carbide Corporation commonly known as Bhopal Gas Tragedy the tragedy occurred on December 2-3, 1984 in Bhopal where Carbide gas plant disaster at Bhopal, India, filed suit against Union Carbide and its former CEO, Warren Anderson, in federal court in New York.The leak of poisonous gas from the Bhopal pesticide plant killed over 5,000 people immediately, and injured many thousands more. Union Carbide's actions violated international human rights law, environmental law, and international criminal law, and the plaintiffs sought to hold the corporation accountable for these violations. US Court of Appeals confirm the transfer of litigation to India and rules that UCIL is a separate legal entity, owned, managed and operated exclusively by Indian Citizens in India. In November, 2004, a similar law suit was filed against Union Carbide on behalf of other plaintiffs who were injured by the water pollution at Bhopal and in March, 2007 a similar suit was filed on behalf of other plaintiffs alleging property

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