Classical And Modern Demographic Transition

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The demographic transition process involves two perspectives which are perceived as the guideline to nations around the world to contemplate the finest strategy in development, namely, classical and modern demographic theories. Demographic transition exists between the traditional societies which indicated by the high rate fertility and mortality and modern communities which have achieved the low level of fertility and mortality (Demeny in Fischer:2014). Due to the immediate growth of world population, government around the world enforce these both points of view to accelerate the equality in developing the societies. Classical and modern mindsets have certain connections to human and economic development in the simmilarities and diffferences. This essay will elaborate the relation of human and economic development which are presented in classical and modern demographic transition approaches. Human development refers to Ranis (2004) is the final target of a nation through economic growth process and as an indicator of general welfare. In addition, human development is an essential element for driving the…show more content…
Firstly, classical and modern theory support the decremental in mortality is resulted by the reduction of infectious disease. Secondly, classical and modern demographic transition have similar sequences and stages. It begin from the first stage which is characterized by the high rate of fertility and mortality and ends with the low rate of fertility and mortality rate. Still in classical, it also has several opinions regarding its connection between human and economic development. Initially, both views acknowledge on the importance of human and economic development attainment. Besides, classical and contemporary demographers consider that urbanisation as an influential role in demographic transition
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