Classical, Biological And Psychological Theories

901 Words Sep 21st, 2015 4 Pages
Early classical, biological and psychological theories have helped shape the burgeoning world of criminology. Many of the ideas they held were unique, however, some key principles are still in use by there modern counterparts. Classical psychological theories, focused on two main concepts; personality and behaviorism. Personality theories helped improve cognitive sciences and behaviorism called attention to social learning with a focus on behavioral conditioning. For example, Ivan Pavlov, a prominent researcher, demonstrated that behavior can be changed by changing conditions associated with the behavior. Personality theories and behavioral conditioning worked, in conjunction, to form the classical psychological theory. (Schmalleger, p.82). This theory attempted to adapt the “disease model”, which analysts’ hoped would identify the key elements that provoked mental and emotional issues. (Schmalleger, p.82) Researchers in this field used terms like, mental disease, personality disorder and psychopath to try and define individuals suffering from these mental aliments. However, contemporary psychologists have chosen to modify their main focus. In other words, contemporary analysts have one main study of focus for the people that suffer from mental ailments, psychopathology. For example, current psychologists suggest that depression, schizophrenia, alcoholism, ADHD, and psychopathy are all mental alignments associated with psychopathology; psychopathy has been noted as the…
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