Classical Conditioning And Operant Conditioning

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Learning is a part of everyone’s lifestyle, and in vocabulary terms: learning is a relatively permanent change in behavior, knowledge, capability, and attitude that occurs through the experience of something. Two important associative learning styles that I learned that grasped my attention are classical conditioning and operant conditioning. These forms of learning are used everyday, and with that, people can categorize their certain behavior into places in which they fall in.
The first type of associative learning is classical conditioning, which was discovered by Ivan Pavlov during an experiment. It is a learning process where a neutral stimulus becomes associated with a naturally meaningful stimulus and acquires the capacity to elicit a similar response (King 2014). While Pavlov was experimenting on how digestion works by using a dog, he discovered this method along with responses the dog made when Pavlov would bring him food. To find out more on the dogs behavior and what caused it, he leaned more towards what we call now, classical conditioning. There are four main terms in this method: unconditioned stimulus, unconditioned response, conditioned stimulus, and conditioned response. An unconditioned stimulus is a stimulus that produces a response that does not include prior learning. An unconditioned response is a reaction that was not learned and automatically elicited by the unconditioned stimulus. On the other hand, a conditioned stimulus is a neutral stimulus that
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