Classical Conditioning And Operant Conditioning

1492 WordsNov 10, 20176 Pages
To expand upon the concepts of the two forms of conditioning listed above, three additional principals not previously listed for the sake of convenience are present in both forms of conditioning; these three principals-extinction, spontaneous recovery, and stimulus discrimination-are among the number of basic principals of conditioning that are found in most forms of conditioning. To explain, Extinction refers to the process by which the steady weakening or diminishment of a conditioned response occurs due to the repeated appearance of a conditioned stimulus without an unconditioned stimulus-in the case of Classical conditioning-or when reinforcement is no longer given to a conditioned behavior/response or no longer has the effect it…show more content…
In the Bobo doll study, an organized group of 72 nursery-school aged children composed of 36 boys and 36 girls was divided into three groups of 24 consisting of 12 boys and 12 girls and subjected to a three-staged experiment designed by Bandura; these three groups were categorized based on whether they were exposed to the “aggressive model”, the “non-aggressive” model, or no model (the control group). In the first stage of the experiment, the group viewing the aggressive model individually observed an adult physically and verbally abusing an inflatable doll with a weighted base modeled after the iconic Bobo the Clown, the group viewing the non-aggressive model individually observed an adult playing with other toys in a calm and peaceful manner, and the third group, control group, did not observe any such model. In the second stage, each child from each group was brought into a room filled with a number of possibly appealing toys for them to play with, however, once each child began to play with the toys, they were told that they could not play with the toy(s) they had selected, as they had supposedly been reserved for the other children; instead, they were invited to play with the toys contained within another room. Once each child was led to this other room, they were
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