Classical Conditioning On The Field Of The Psychological School Of Thought

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Classical Conditioning

Classical conditioning is probably the most significant technique discovered and

impactful on the field of the psychological school of thought, such one that is famous by

school of Behaviorism.

Ivan Pavlov, a Russian psychologist, discovered by accident between the late 18th

century and early 19th the Classical Conditioning method. He realized while feeding his

dogs that they would salivate after a while even when he was not carrying any food on

him, and this is how he began to study deep the relation among his dogs’ salivation and

the response they would provide by being fed. The definition for this study according to

the book (Gazzniga, Heatherton, Halpern 2011) is considered by “A type of learned

response; a neutral object comes to elicit a response when it is associated with a stimulus

that already produces that response”. In other words, Classical Conditioning is nothing, but a learning process that

associates an unconditioned stimulus with a new stimulus that formulates the same

response to the new stimulus as well. This reaction is considered an automatic

response and once the dog is already adapted to this association, it will happen naturally

for a while, but if there is no reinforcement for this created stimulus it could start to

decrease and the dog would stop to salivate to the new conditioned stimulus because he’ll

forget it.

In this type of

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