Classical Liberalism And Natural Rights

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Classical republicanism and natural rights philosophy had a profound impact on the way the Founders viewed government. Though the two are inherently different, the Founders used aspects from both to construct a well-rounded view of government. Many of the aspects they felt were important were ideals that were not present in the monarchy in Great Britain. Classical republicanism focused strongly on promoting the common good of the people. Natural rights philosophers,such as John Locke, kept the idea of ensuring and protecting individual rights as a focal point. The Founders took elements from classical republicanism such as small, uniform communities, citizenship and civic virtue, and moral education. In conjunction with these aspects, the Founders also were influenced by aspects of natural philosophy, including individual rights, popular sovereignty/government by consent, limited government, and human equality. The Founders drew upon the aspects from both classical republicanism and natural rights philosophy to create a government that would benefit the people and uphold natural rights while not being overbearing.
Classical Republicanism placed the needs of the people of the community above individual liberty and self-determination. These citizens were taught to work together to promote the good of the country. They were not about working for private interest. Classical republicans believed that people had to work together to maintain their republic and keep it free from

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