Essay about Classical Liberalism

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Definition ==========

The ideology of classical liberalism is concerned with the conception of an ideal society. The term classical refers to the early form of liberalism that flourished for much of the nineteenth century. It sees human nature as essentially selfish but rational. Therefore the ideal society is one where individuals have maximum freedom to pursue their own interest in competition with everyone else.

Origins =======

Origins of classical liberalism are derived from the break up of the feudal system, which allowed people more economic freedom and allowed possible the early growth of capitalism. The fusion of economic and political liberalism has produced a
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Utilitarianism --------------

Like Locke, utilitarians see men as individuals essentially. However Jeremy Bentham rejected the notion of natural rights as it was 'nonsense on stilts' and as result he developed the principle of utility. Utility is based on the belief that man is motivated by the desire to achieve happiness and avoid pain. It's important to note the utilitarianism definition of happiness - consumption and enjoyment of goods and property and only the provision of this is utility. The opposite of this for example, pain is disutility.

Society for utilitarians meant free individuals pursuing their own interests as workers and consumers and the only role the government play is as a protector of these rights, implying they needed little intervention. Any increase in state power would only be a benefit if increasing the total sum of utility and therefore the goal of any political system is to achieve 'the greatest good for the greatest number'. This heavily relies on democracy and government responsibility and accountability and the state should be answerable to the people. In summary, there are four key utilitarian points-

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