Classical Liberalism : Mill, Kant, And Locke

1638 WordsMar 30, 20177 Pages
Classical Liberalism: Mill, Kant, and Locke Classical Liberalism is believing that freedom is the most important aspect of politics. John Stuart Mill, Immanuel Kant, and John Locke are considered to be the most predominant political philosophers of classical liberalism. Each one wrote in a different time period, offering a different prospective in their writings. They discussed ideas behind morality and property, elaborating on how humans behave in society. They all make their respective arguments carefully and convincingly, as they seek to understand humans and society. Despite all three political philosophers writing about Classical Liberalism, one makes the most convincing argument. Immanuel Kant has the most convincing argument about…show more content…
Secondly, it is not practical to determine which outcomes bring the greatest happiness. Additionally, it is impossible to find out how each decision will bring happiness or not, practically you’d have to poll each person directly and indirectly effected. Later in Mill’s argument, he writes about the idea of justice in our society. Mill believes we have a sense of justice, just like any other one of our senses. Two forms of obligations exist, the perfect and imperfect obligations. The perfect obligation is something written out, perhaps a law, that you know you must follow and if broken then punishment will follow. Imperfect obligations are something not written out or set beforehand. Justice is carried out when these are broken. Mill believes most of society is organized by imperfect obligations. Obligations can go from the imperfect to the perfect if the society believes it should. When an obligation is broken and harm is caused, then society punishes the person through the ‘Sentiment of Justice’. They then feel sympathy for the victims which leads to the desire to punish. This is a logical explanation for how we determine the difference between our society’s social contract rules and actual laws, as well as understanding our ability to deliver justice. However, in practice we can see that idea of perfect and imperfect obligations aren’t always reflected or determined by a society. Many people believe there should exist legal justice for actions that
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