Classical Liberalism vs Classical Conservatism

2089 Words Mar 13th, 2013 9 Pages
Classical Liberalism VS Classical Conservatism

Are you Republican or Democrat? Maybe you are Conservative or Liberal? What do these terms mean and how did they begin? Classical Conservatism is defined as “a political philosophy emphasizing the need for the principles of natural law and transcendent moral order.”(Frohnen, Beer, and Nelson, 2006) Classical Liberalism is described as “a philosophy committed to the ideal of limited government and liberty of individuals including freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and free markets.” (Hudelson, 1999) These two ideas have shaped our philosophies and parties for centuries to come. These philosophies were made possible by many bright men of the time like Edmund Burke, John Adams, John
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(Davies, 1997) Conservatives are mostly for preserving the society instead of a takeover, which emphasizes stability.(McLean and McMillan, 2009) Viscourt Hailsham a former chairman of the British Conservative Party described conservatism. "Conservatism is not so much a philosophy as an attitude, a constant force, performing a timeless function in the development of a free society, and corresponding to a deep and permanent requirement of human nature itself."(Hailsham, 1959)
Conservatism can be summed up in ten key principles that Russell Kirk sums up in his work the “Essence of Conservatism.”
“(1) Men and nations are governed by moral laws; and those laws have their origin in a wisdom that is more than human—in divine justice... (2) Variety and diversity are the characteristics of a high civilization… (3) Justice means that every man and every woman have the right to what is their own—to the things best suited to their own nature, to the rewards of their ability and integrity, to their property and their personality… (4) Property and freedom are inseparably connected; economic leveling is not economic progress… (5) Power is full of danger; therefore the good state is one in which power is checked and balanced, restricted by sound constitutions and customs… (6) The past is a great storehouse of wisdom… (7) Modern society urgently needs true community: and true community is a world away from collectivism… (8) In the affairs of nations, the
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