Classical Theory

2202 Words Nov 18th, 2012 9 Pages
Question: (i.) Critically evaluate the classical theory of organization and management in the light of contemporary business environmental changes facing managers in Nigeria (ii.) How did the neoclassical and contingency theories improve on the imperations of the classical approach?

(i.) Critically evaluate the classical theory of organization and management in the light of contemporary business environmental changes facing managers in Nigeria Classical organization theories (Taylor, 1947; Weber, 1947; Fayol, 1949) deal with the formal organization and concepts to increase management efficiency. Taylor presented scientific
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They should also comply with the rules and regulations of the organization. • Unity of command: This means taking orders from and being responsible to only one superior. • Unity of direction: Members of the organization should jointly work toward the same goals.

Organization Theory & Behaviour

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• Subordination of individual interest to general interest: The interest of the organization should not become subservient to individual interests or the interest of a group of employees. • Remuneration of personnel: This can be based on diverse factors such as time, job, piece rates, and bonuses, profit‐sharing or non‐financial rewards. • Centralization: Management should use an appropriate blend of both centralization and de‐ centralization of authority and decision making. • Scalar chain: If two members who are on the same level of hierarchy have to work together to accomplish a project, they need not follow the hierarchy level, but can interact with each other on a 'gang plank' if acceptable to the higher officials. • Order: The organization has a place for everything and everyone who ought to be so engaged. • Equity: Fairness, justice and equity should prevail in the organization. • Stability of tenure of personnel: Job security improves performance. An employee requires some time to get used to new work and do it well. • Initiative: This should
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