Classical Vs. Constitutional Typology

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The first of the theories is physiological is the physiological characteristics of people. Simple descriptions of behavior through to suggestions that characteristics are the result of different kinds of physiology. Now, there are two subcategories are classical and constitutional typology. Classical typology comes from our old friends, the Greeks, who theorized about types and ‘humorous.’ The physician Hippocrates made what is probably the first attempt at a formal theory to account for differences between people, Hippocrates suggested that relative amounts of certain bodily fluids determined temperament, resulting in four kinds of temperament. Next, is constitutional typology classified body build into three somatotypes, each referring…show more content…
Then, there are sensing or intuition, concerns realistic representations of the world, while intuition is an unconscious process focused on the basic essence of reality. Next, there is thinking or feeling, the thinking function tends to be more intellectual and bases perceptions on objective facts and logic, while feeling centers evaluations in the emotions, have an emphasis on attitudes, beliefs, and values. Lastly, there is judging or perceiving, judging is choosing either thinking or feeling is used mostly in the outer world and perceiving is choosing wither sensing or intuition is used mostly in the outer world (Coaley p.239-242). Now, with any theory there are advantages and they are: that they focused on the effects that childhood experiences have on the developing personality, and that it takes both nature and nurture into account. The disadvantages are: is that it is deterministic and experiments used are measurable, objective and can be repeated to test for reliability ("Psychological Approaches Strengths and Weaknesses."). The third approach is the cognitive-behavioral, it is the social learning theory grew out of classical learning theories, like those of Pavlov and Watson and Skinner, which disagreed fundamentally with psychoanalysis and demanded rigorous scientific methods. These behaviorists laid the foundations for a more scientific approach and gave rise to the work of Dollard and Miller, who saw the value of
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