Classical and Operant Conditioning on Phobias and Addictions

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Classical and operant conditioning on phobias and addictions Introduction Phobia in clinical psychology context is an irrational fear of something or situation. The person suffering from phobia will try their best to avoid their phobia. In the extreme case that the person suffering from the phobia cannot avoid it, they will attempt to endure through the situation with a lot of distress ADDIN EN.CITE Swanson1986158(Swanson, 1986)15815817Swanson, Guy E.Phobias and Related Symptoms: Some Social SourcesSociological ForumSociological Forum103-130111986Springer08848971http://www.jstor.org/stable/684555( HYPERLINK l "_ENREF_2" o "Swanson, 1986 #158" Swanson, 1986). Phobias can cause difficulties in a person performing their daily activities. Any adverse dependency consequences caused by a specific behavior or using substances that alter one's mood continuously are referred to as addiction. A person can be addicted to many things, but the most common are, gambling, smoking, too much exercising, drug abuse, and alcohol abuse. Addiction can cause someone to lose control over the substance or behavior they have acquired, and the body becomes more tolerant. This leads to the person having to use larger amounts in order to get the initial results. Phobias and classical conditioning A phobia can be acquired by a person by making the person associate one thing with something not pleasant or painful to them. The effect of this can be permanent if the extinction process on the person
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