Classification Manual For Voice Disorders

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The voice is an individual’s main mode of communicating his or her wants, needs, and emotions among other things. Each individual’s voice is different, depending on whether the individual is male or female, and ranges in pitch and loudness. The voice is something that defines an individual as a person by helping shape the person’s overall personality and attitude. However, there are many factors that may cause an individual’s voice to be affected. According to Verdolini and colleagues (2006), the “Classification Manual for Voice Disorders I describes seven distinct causal classifications which include laryngeal problems related to structural (1) pathologies, (2) inflammatory conditions, and (3) trauma or injury; (4)systemic conditions, (5) nonlaryngeal aero digestive disorders, (6) psychiatric-psychological disorders, and (7) neurological disorders”. Due to such a broad definition of what a voice disorder is, it is difficult to determine the incidence and prevalence of voice disorders. Most normative data includes information on individuals with occupations that require them to use their voice more than the average person, such as teachers, speech pathologists, and even singers (Boone et al., 2014). The purpose of this paper will be to provide background information on one causation of a neurological voice disorder—vocal fold paralysis, describe the diagnostic process for assessing a voice disorder, and describe the treatments available for the types of vocal fold paralysis.
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