Classification Of Soils As Well As Overcoming Management Problems

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Introduction “Soil classification is the categorisation of soils into groups at various levels of generalisation according to their physical, chemical and mineralogical properties” (Boul et al 2011:34). The formation and subsequently the classification of soil has been at the forefront of geological scientific research since its emergence in the 19th Century. Over the course of this essay I will be considering the various classifications of soils as well as overcoming management problems they may entail. How can soil be classified in the UK? It is important to be able to distinguish between soil types across farmed landscape, and classification is the main way this can be achieved (Soffe, 2003:24). One common practice used to record classification is through mapping; carried out on varying scales by National Soil Resources Institute for England and Wales based on differences and similarities in soil profile investigations (Soffe, 2003:24; Simpson 1983:47). Soils can be classified based on their structural and textural properties, formed from Parent material (Soffe 2003:23). The primary components of soil comprise the Texture, this relating to the range of sizes of particles in the soil and their distribution. (The Macaulay Institute, 2016;Soffe, 2003:3). The texture of specific soil types will fall into one of 4 classifications; Clay, Silt, Sand or in some cases an equal percentage of each to form Loam. Soil Structure is influenced almost solely by Soil Texture (The

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