Essay on Classification of Gifted and Talented Students

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Classification of Gifted and Talented Students

Many people have varying views on what classifies a student as gifted and talented.
According to the Office of Gifted and Talented, six qualities determine giftedness.
These qualities are intellectual ability as well as talent, scoring in the 97th percentile and above on aptitude tests, creative thinking, leadership ability, talents in the fine arts, and psychomotor abilities. Using the definition supplied by Bruce User, “a school system could expect to identify 10% to 15% or more of its student population as gifted and talented” (2000, p. 1). In A Dictionary of Education, a gifted child is defined as, “usually taken to be a child of exceptional performance in academic studies or
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Atypical gifted and talented students are usually those who are culturally different who live in a non-supportive environment. These students may or may not exhibit the same characteristics of a typical gifted and talented students, but often display the abilities once they are challenged (Maker, 1986).

According to “The Washington Post” a new quality should be added as a behavior of a gifted and talented student. The characteristic of wisdom is suggested as an important aspect in a student that is often overlooked. Wisdom, the ability to use your current knowledge, goes beyond general intelligence to practicality. Many students have knowledge, but relatively few can apply that knowledge to the world they live in. Wisdom is so often overlooked, but it is a characteristic equally if not more important than intelligence. (Strauss, 2002).

Selection Process

There are various different methods schools employ when selecting students to take part in the gifted and talented program they have available. The traditional method of selection is the standardized test. These are often used because they provide a universal method of selection that is the easiest to determine. However, the more reliant schools are on these tests, the less variance there will be in the students selected (Alexander…