Classification of Literature

3483 Words Nov 8th, 2012 14 Pages
CLASSIFICATIONs OF LITERATURE

I. Divisions of Literature

Literature
Prose
Poetry
Fiction
Nonfiction
Dramatic
Narrative
Lyric
Drama
Short Story
Novel
Tale
Fable
Myth
Legends
Folktales
Essay
Biography
Autobiography
Diary
History
Chronicle
News
Anecdote
Tragedy
Comedy
Opera
Operetta
Ballad
Epic
Metrical Tale
Metrical Romance
Ode
Sonnet
Song
Elegy

POINT OF COMPARISON | PROSE | POETRY | Form | Paragraph | Verse | Language | Words and rhythms of ordinary and everyday language | Metrical, rhythmical, figurative language | Appeal | Intellect | Emotions | Aim | Convince, Inform, Instruct | Stirs the readers imagination, present an ideal of how life should be and how life can be |

A. Prose –is an ordinary form of written or
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-was made popular by a German writer, Michel Eyquiem de Montaigne in 1580. He published two volumes of his short compositions which he called “ESSAIS”. -Francis Bacon, the reputed Father of English Essay, write formal essays which were cold and objective.

Two Major Types: a) Formal Essay –are usually serious and impersonal in tone. -they are written to inform or persuade, they are expected to be factual, logical, and tightly organized. -put emphasis on purpose and subject.

b) Informal Essay –also called as Personal Essay. -generally reveal much about the personalities, mood, habits, likes, dislikes and feelings of their authors. -tend to be conversational in tone and looks into personal experiences and observations.

2. Biography –is a story of a person’s life narrated or written by another person.

3. Autobiography –is a story of a person’s life narrated or written by himself.

4. Diary –is a daily record of transactions, observations, and events. -is a type of writing that records daily personal reflections, feelings and

5. History –is a chronological account or record of significant events affecting a nation or institution.

6. Chronicle –is a record of a series of events or mere listing of what happened. It does not evidence, comments or reactions. 7. News–is an information about recent and important events or developments either printed in newspapers or broadcast by the media.

| 8. Anecdote

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