Classroom Management Theories

1382 Words6 Pages
Teacher training focuses on understanding child growth and development, teaching and learning, behavior and pedagogical practices. These elements form the pool of knowledge teachers use to teach effectively. Whilst these are extremely important elements for teachers to understand, without adequate knowledge of the models and theories for classroom management, these concepts can seem removed from hands-on experiences in the classroom and schoolyard. This essay aims to analyse three classroom management theories by highlighting the people involved, the key principles, the strengths and weaknesses of the models and summarises the similarities and differences between them. These are the Goal Centered Theory, the Choice Theory and the Assertive Discipline Theory.

The Goal Centered Theory (Rudolph Dreikurs, 1972)
The Goal Centered Theory (GCT) is a psychoeducational theory coined by Rudolph Dreikurs in 1972 (Lyons & Ford, 2015). The theory is based on the principle that people are social beings that behave in order to achieve social recognition and self-determination (Lyons & Ford, 2015). Classroom misbehavior arises as a result of students mistakenly believing that disruptive behaviors will lead to group belonging (Lyons & Ford, 2015). The GCT requires educators to look for needs-based explanations for students’ misbehavior (Lyons & Ford, 2015). Educators need to engage in whole-class discussions about meeting needs and understand that they will be provided choices in terms of
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