Clean Water Act 1948

Decent Essays
The Federal water pollution control act in 1948 is the first initiative by federal to ensure the cleanliness of water, although the water pollution is considered as one of major problem for many states, the federal has set up this act with a few goals and objectives. But after mid 1950’s and 1960’s there were four amendments were noticed, which primary dealt with providing financial assistance for municipal drainages and for other research activities based on water pollution. By late 1960’s these activities performed by federal were not effective in controlling water pollution because of slow progress in cleanup initiatives and no strict regulations against violation of this law mainly resulted in raise in public interest towards
…show more content…
The Exxon Valdez oil spill which occurred in 1989, 11 to 38 million us gallon oil spill is one of environmental disaster which had polluted the water and disturbed the natural habitat (Hellawell, Trevor). This incident mainly resulted in amendment of section 311, which mainly has goals and objectives to report and document the oil spill incidents and these documented reports are used for cleanup of oil pollutants from water and to restore its natural properties.
The main goals and objectives of clear water act mainly includes;
1. The primary goal of clean water act is to restore the physical, chemical and natural properties of water
2. To control the release of pollutants and other waste materials in to water.
The clean water act has adopted some strategies such as introduction of NPDES (National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System) which is governed by United States Environmental Protection Agencies (EPA). The discharge of point source (Industrial wastes, agricultural wastes) material is mainly regulated by the NPDES (Mattioni,
…show more content…
1. Sullivan, Thomas F. P, and Thomas Lynch Adams. Environmental Law Handbook. Rockville, MD.: Government Institutes, 1997. Print.
2. Hellawell, Trevor. Environmental Law Handbook. London: Law Society, 2002. Print.
3. Mattioni, John. Pennsylvania Environmental Law Handbook. Lanham, Md.: Government Institutes, 2004. Print.
4. Gross, Joel M, and Lynn Dodge. Clean Water Act. [Chicago]: Section of Environment, Energy, and Resources, American Bar Association, 2005.
5. Richard Smith, Richard Alexander, and M.Gordon Wolman, Water Quality Trends in the Nation's Rivers. 235 Science 1607, 1987.
6. Gross, Joel M, and Lynn Dodge. Clean Water Act. [Chicago]: Section of Environment, Energy, and Resources, American Bar Association, 2005.
7. U.S. EPA Clean Water Successes and Challenges, at
8. Drew Caputo, A Job half Finished: The Clean Water Act After 25 Years, 27 ELR 10574, November 1997; Robert Percival (ed), Alan Miller, and Christopher Schroeder, Environmental Regulation: Law, Science, and Policy (Little, Brown & Co.,
Get Access