Essay on Clearly Pacifist, Clearly Credible

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Clearly Pacifist, Clearly Credible

Many people tend to think war is a part of life that mankind will never be able to rid itself of. This comes from the assumption that war is one of the basic needs of mankind. However, Margaret Mead does not make this assumption. In fact, she denies its credibility in her essay “Warfare is Only an Invention – Not a Biological Necessity.” In this essay, Margaret Mead combines a great deal of logos and ethos with limited pathos to support her pacifist claim that warfare is merely an invention of man, and not a need found in the very nature of man. While Mead’s claim does not agree with the most common beliefs about warfare, its mixture of logos and ethos is as strong as the bricks and mortar of a
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Following the explanation of her terminology, Margaret Mead proceeds directly into the support she has for her argument. The main reason she offers for her claim is that “there are peoples even today who have no warfare,” (Mead 2). Later in the paper, she mentions the assumption behind this claim. Simply stated, Mead assumes that if people do not have the idea or knowledge of war, they will not engage in it. To support this assumption, Margaret Mead offers logos in the form of the example of the Balinese culture compared to other cultures. In the Balinese culture two people who are involved in a serious argument may officially register their argument in the temple of their gods. However, many other cultures of the world have no knowledge of this practice. Since they do not know of this method of argument, these other cultures do not officially register their arguments before the center of their religious beliefs.

Through her claim, reasons, and warrant Margaret Mead clearly announces her argument to the audience and spends the remainder of her essay supporting this claim. I believe the support of her argument stands up to almost any challenge because of the way Mead constructs her argument. Margaret Mead incorporates logos and ethos into her essay just as a bricklayer incorporates bricks and mortar into their construction. Many times, the logos Mead uses takes on the form of examples
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