For Germany, 1914 would witness the enthronement of Kultur in Europe and the fulfillment of Germany’s historic mission. As Thomas Mann saw it, “Germans . . . deserved to be the most powerful, to dominate, to establish a ‘German peace’” (311). The French, for their part, in the face of growing German militarism given voice by the Kaiser himself, “possessor of the least inhibited tongue in Europe,” stoked up their furor Gallicae and awaited the moment that had seemed inevitable ever since the Treaty of Versailles had amputated her eastern flank. Aside from nationalistic scores to settle, many other nations were simply “sore-headed and fed up” with “Germany’s clattering of the sword” and saw in the coming conflict hopes for the “moral regeneration of Europe” (312-313). Tuchman sees the parts as well as the whole, and her discussion of cause as it relates to individual battles and the generals involved is psychologically astute without being limiting. She offers plausible explanations for General John French’s lack of will in the defense of Belgium (218) and shows how the breakdown of Plan 17 in the first weeks of the war paved the way for a long and brutal struggle (262), as did the final failure of the Germans’ Schlieffen Plan for a double envelopment of the enemy. The ensuing deadlock
Throughout history males have been perceived as the dominant sex. This notion had been strong in Europe and most of the Western World. The colony of New France, however, was able to break this way of thinking and began to regard their women as an equal. Women’s roles in New France could be described as small but very important as day to day life would not be as efficient without the help of the women of New France. Both European women and Aboriginal women had jobs that were essential to everyday life, women helped contribute to the fur trade, Catholic nuns had major roles in education and health, and the women of New France went against the norm of the modern European woman.
It is in human nature to want to have power, wealth, and overall be the best. Nevertheless, this inhumanity exhibited throughout the wars is generally triggered by a group or person who believes that they are above the human race, and should be allowed to have total power. This mindset during WWII lead to destruction and devastation throughout Europe. Described in The Nightingale, when France was occupied by the Nazis the citizens of France lost many things such as family members, property, money, and wellness. However, many of the Nazi soldiers stationed in France also lost a lot. Essentially, even though French and Germans were enemies during WWII, and only one country ended up winning, they both received negative outcomes from the
Throughout the book “Au Revoir Les Enfants” Louis Malle highlights at several points the typical associations which the majority of people have when discussing the role of the Germans during the war. However Malle approaches the topic from a more complex angle thus forcing the reader to question the general stereotypes and examine the varying attitudes of both the French and Germans, by portraying them in certain situations in which they adopt a sometimes unexpected attitude.
When you think about France, what do you usually envision? Do you think of the center of fashion and design, the rolling vineyards of Bordeaux, or maybe the smooth language of love? Better yet do you think about a government formed with the Constitution that was in many ways is a framework for that of the United States of America, or a formidable military and an affluent economy. You would be correct if you had said any of the above. However, did you know that 1940’s France was a powder keg teetering on the verge of chaos in a tumultuous world: led by a vastly weakened military, a marionette government, and a virtually nonexistent economy?
All Quiet on the Western Front is a book about war between the French and German. This quote to me exemplifies that when fighting in a war it takes everyone's help to be successful. Even though there is going to be hard times like in the middle of the book when the war starts to get hard and they want to quit they just have to keep pushing toward a victory. In the end if they come out victorious it will all be worth it. All Quiet on the Western Front shows the misery of World War I and crushes the ideas of nationalism and trust in authority.
His concept of war in order to obtain peace, is a modern outlook that for many frenchmen justified their cause. Because the monarchy is continuing to foster unjust treatment for their people, the people of France have no choice other than
How is it possible for scuba divers to stay underwater for a long period of time? A man named Jacques Cousteau made that all possible. His invention of the aqualung made scuba diving possible, letting people explore the underwater world.
In today’s society, the United States has a culture full of arts, architecture, and cuisine. Since the United States is a huge melting pot, much of our arts, architecture, and cuisine, and architecture have influence from many different nations, especially in Europe. It’s hard to imagine the United States without first knowing about the influence of the French art, architecture, and cuisine.
The prime minister of Great Britain, David Lloyd George, won the election by stating that the Germans had to pay for the war. This was also similar to the viewpoint of Georges Clemenceau, the prime minister of France, who demanded revenge and security against Germany. Due to the similar goals of the two countries, Wilson convinced them to create the League of Nations as a way to prevent future wars. At the same time, the League of Nations would allow Britain and France to punish Germany. Consequently, Wilson would achieve part of his goals in establishing peace, whereas France gained security by forming a defensive alliance with the U.S. and Great Britain. The League of Nations stood not only as an organization of keeping international peace but also as an appeasement to the demands of both Britain and
Before Marie Antoinette married Dauphin Louis XVI in 1770, the situation in France was already beginning to become disordered. The peasants, which made up about 90% of the population at the time, were treated unfairly and began to feel frustrated and upset with the Monarchy. At the time, Marie Antoinette was distrusted because of her foreign birth and many of the peasants saw her as the source of their problems and disliked her. She was often seen in the past as a bad Queen due to her careless spending and seemingly frivolous lifestyle, now with more evidence and sources, opinions have shifted. Many see Marie Antoinette as a victim of her own circumstances, as it can be seen by the state of affairs in France before her arrival, her upbringing and public opinion before her death during the French Revolution. This essay will illustrate that Marie Antoinette was indeed a victim of her circumstances.
Louis XIV turned France around from an unorganized feuding country to one of the most organized, powerful, innovative monarchies in Europe. In addition, he managed to advance civil equality among the people by turning all the people into his loyal subjects (Norton, p.175). How did he do all this? The armed forces that had formerly been a private enterprise who had been fighting against each other or had hired themselves out for payment, was taken over and consolidated into one entity fighting, by the king for the king. He made war an activity of the state which produced peace and order in France while strengthening the fighting power of France against other states (Norton, p.175). In addition, he put soldiers in uniform, taught them how to march in step and housed them in barracks which assisted them in becoming more susceptible to discipline and control (Norton, p.175). There was now a hierarchy in place and was able to get a greater degree of government control that put him on the top as the commander in chief of the army due to his power and the creation of the first large civilian administration (Norton, p.176). This was the first time that ministers of war consisted of civilians and this grew the armies power exponentially. Louis XIV also overhauled the grandeur of France when he took an old village Versailles and turned it into the palace of Versailles that became known as one of the most splendid marvels in Europe so much so, that it became the envy of lessor kings.