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Climate Change Impacts And Adaptation On Nuclear Power Station Essay

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Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation on Nuclear Power Station --A Case of Hinkley Point C (HPC) Nuclear Power Station

Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation on Nuclear Power Station --A Case of Hinkley Point C (HPC)Nuclear Power Station
Introduction
In November 2008, the United Kingdom parliament adopted a new Climate Change Act, obligating the UK to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by at least 80% below 1990 levels by mid-century (Fankhauser, 2009). Among all sectors, the power sector account for nearly 25% of UK’s Greenhouse gas emissions (Committee on climate change, 2016), which is a crucial decarburization area. Nuclear energy, believed by the UK Government, has an important role to play in delivering a long-term affordable low carbon energy future (Department for Energy and Climate Change, 2013). There are 15 reactors operating currently, generating about 21% of the nation’s electricity, but almost half of this capacity is to be retired by 2025 (World Nuclear Association, 2016). In October 2010, the British Government gave permission for private suppliers to construct up to eight new nuclear power plants, among which the Hinkley Point C (HPC) nuclear power station is the only one having a full construction and operation plan.
Being the UK 's first new nuclear power plant in a generation, HPC locates close to the mouth of the River Severn and the Bristol Channel in Somerset, England, west to the Hinkley Point A nuclear power
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