Climate Change Influences The Global Potential Distribution Of Bluetongue Virus
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Climate change influences the global potential distribution of bluetongue virus: a disease of ruminants
Abdallah M. Samy1,2, A. Townsend Peterson1, XXXX
1Biodiversity Institute and Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, United States of America
2Entomology Department, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Abbassia, Cairo, Egypt
The global geographic distribution of arboviruses has received considerable attentions from public health organizations after their rapid emergence in several parts of the world [1,2]. Bluetongue virus (BTV) is one of arboviral disease transmitted to ruminants . BTV is caused by bluetongue virus, a member of the genus Orivirus in the family Reoviridae. The disease is non-contagious vector-borne disease which is transmitted between ruminants by the bites of biting midges of the genus Culicoides .
Bluetongue has been recorded to be responsible for high sheep mortality, for example, the outbreaks occurred in Mediterranean region since 1998 resulted in deaths of over 800,000 sheep . A single strain of BTV in Belgium disrupted the animal trades and caused death for animals with a market value of £180 million during 2006-2007 outbreak . In US, BTV caused losses of $ 125 million every year (Tabachnick 1996; Parse et al. 2005) . Previous report identified early introduction of European breeds of sheep infected with BTV into South Africa since 125 years ago , but