Climate Change Is An Undeniable And Unavoidable Reality

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“Climate change will force millions of people to flee their homes over the coming century” (Docherty & Giannini et al. 2010).

Global climate change has become an undeniable and unavoidable reality. In its latest assessment report, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the international body that provides the most comprehensive reports dealing with the science of climate change, has established that warming of the climate system is ‘unequivocal’. Additionally, it concludes that human activities such as land clearing and burning of fossil fuels have increased the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere to unprecedented levels (IPCC 2013).

Beyond the implications for the climate system and the consequent environmental costs associated with such activities, anthropogenic climate change generates immense impacts on the development of human societies: livelihoods are greatly affected, food security is threatened, health and sanitation conditions decline, biodiversity and ecosystem services are lost, fresh water availability declines, agricultural activities are affected and the social wellbeing of billions of people around the world is at risk (IPCC 2014).

Moreover, the associated changes brought about by climate change will make large parts of the world uninhabitable causing millions of people to leave their homes. In this context, this essay will explore the situation and prospects of climate change refugees, considering the circumstances
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