Climate Change : Its Causes, Effects And Impacts On The Globe And Mitigation Strategies

1307 WordsMar 23, 20176 Pages
1. Climate Change: Its causes, effects and impacts on the Globe and mitigation strategies The “Climate Change 2014 Synthesis Report Summary for Policymakers” addresses the observed changes and their causes; future climate change risks and impacts; future pathways for adaptation, mitigation and sustainable development; adaptation and mitigation. Through various scientific researches, it has been confirmed that human influence on the climate system is clear and recent anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases are the highest in history (Climate Change 2014 Synthesis Report Summary for Policymakers, 2014). The earth has become successively warmer over the last three decades since 1850. Both scientific and observed evidence have shown…show more content…
This is necessary in order to achieve sustainable development and equity, including poverty eradication. One mitigation strategy would be to have substantial cuts in GHG emissions over the next few decades which would limit the warming in the second half of the 21st century and beyond. But no one single option is sufficient by itself. There would have to be effective institutions and governance, innovation and investments in environmentally sound technologies and infrastructure, sustainable livelihoods and behavioral and lifestyle choices. 2. Climate Change recorded data on Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and its impacts The impacts of climate change will affect livelihoods, coastal settlements, infrastructure, ecosystems and economic stability in SIDS (Carabine and Dupar, 2014). With rising sea levels, this poses a threat to low-lying coastal areas and because of these islands interdependence among each other, the impact of climate change on resources or commodities such as supply chains, trade, effects on prices, investment and political relations, on one state would impact the other. It is notable that the IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report finds high level of confidence and robust agreement for many of the impacts of climate change on small islands, in contrast to the agreement and confidence levels for many other developing regions (Carabine and Dupar, 2014). Climate-related risks for SIDS include sea level rise, tropical and extra-tropical cyclones,

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