Climate Change and Global Warming

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Climate change and Global Warming are out of control. This means that, no matter what policies, processes or actions are implemented, the Earth as we know it will never be the same again. There is significant evidence to support this hypothesis. The dilemma becomes whether we can limit the damage and adapt to a new status quo or not. Rising sea levels and the damage caused by this phenomenon has irreversible impacts on coastlines worldwide. Damage to sensitive reef systems cannot be fixed. This also has permanent impacts of the ecology not just of those immediate areas but also the ocean as a whole.
Any discussion of the irreversibility of Climate Change needs to be briefly pre-empted by an explanation of the causes for Climate Change.
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Global sea-level rise (SLR) is projected to accelerate over the next century, with research indicating that global mean sea level may rise 18–48 cm by 2050, and 50–140 cm by 2100 (Cooper et al. 2013).Basically, this means that not only is there more water in our oceans but the water that is there takes up more space because of the expansion effect of rising temperatures. These are all brought on by Global Warming and Climate Change being out of control. “Even if the world makes long term cuts to carbon emissions of 90% relative to 2009, will miss the target of limiting global warming by 2° by the end of the millennium”; says Nature Publishing Group, further reinforcing the fact that Global Warming is out of control.

There has been a significant amount of thought and action expended ensuring many highly populated and important areas have been galvanised against the impacts of rising sea levels. Two main areas that are impacted by SLR are both Norway and the Coast of the US Gulf. This in itself is an admission that the problem is irrevocable thus necessitating action to minimise its effects. However, one region of the world where rising sea levels will be devastating is the US Gulf Coast. According to Gerard Wynn a rise in sea levels of 1 m would result in permanent flooding of one third of the region’s roads and jeopardise approximately 70% of their ports (Responding to

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