Climate change Adaptation Planning: Tourism industry in the Himalaya Region

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Introduction: The Himalayas is a vital region that facilitates mountain tourism to a number of countries including Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bhutan, China, India and Nepal. The unique landscape and scenery of Himalayas is the main attraction to tourist activities in this region. Tourism industry is one of the major contributors to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and employment. As an example, tourism sector contributes 9.4% of GDP and 8.2% of total employment in 2012 for Nepal (World Travel & Tourism Council 2014). The observed impacts of climate change to the livelihood of the tourism industry are the main driver to the need of adaptation to ensure future development and prosperity (Simpson et al. 2008, UNWTO 2008). Climate is one of the…show more content…
During the engagement process, there are opportunities for the stakeholders to identify more stakeholders who have interest in the tourism climate change adaptation and invite them to the discussion forum (André et al. 2012). The engagement process is aimed to develop a mutual sharing of information between the stakeholders, understanding their needs of adaptation, gain insight to possible adaptation options that is acceptable to the stakeholders (Lim 2004, Simpson 2008). Utilising group discussion and allowing mutual influence to build trust and respect between stakeholders can improve the effectiveness in planning and implementing adaption measures (Gardner 2009). Allowing the stakeholders to participate in the decision-making process gives the stakeholders a sense of ownership to the decision made and therefore is more likely to contribute to the adaptation process (USAID 2013, Gardner 2009). However, it is important to set the expectation of the stakeholders on the amount of influence they have over the decision to avoid disappointment and results in conflict. Introducing analogue international tourism adaption experiences to learn and build on existing knowledge and methods (United Nations Development Programme 2010). It would also build confidence into the stakeholders that it has been done successfully previously and that success can also be achieved in their own regional setting to ensure prosperity to the tourism industry and the local communities
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