Clinical Approaches Of Treating Sleep Terror Disorder

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Abstract Parasomnias are partial arousal states that disrupt sleep. Different phenomena that are closely related make up this spectrum of behavior, described as complex behaviors or physiological events that manifest when an individual becomes stuck in the transition period of the sleep cycle. Studies on partial arousal states have been more in depth within the last half century. In regards to sleep terror disorder, many effected individuals only require assurance of their safety and accurate facts of the nature of sleep terror episodes. Additional management may be a consideration if violent behavior becomes problematic or restricts daily functions. Research has indicated a number of features associated with sleep terror disorder but…show more content…
There are currently over 80 different types of sleep disorders listed in the Third Edition of the International Classification of Sleep Disorders (International Classification of Sleep Disorders – 3rd edition, ICSD-3, American Academy of Sleep Medicine, 2014). Sleep disorders are divided into six major groups in the ICSD-3: Insomnia , Sleep Related Breathing Disorders, Central Disorders of Hypersomnolence, Circadian Rhythm Sleep-Wake Disorders, Parasomnias, and Sleep Related Movement Disorders (American Academy of Sleep Medicine, 2014). Among the categories of disorders recognized by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, those featuring abnormal and unnatural movements, behaviors, emotions, perceptions, and dreams that occur while falling asleep, during sleep, between sleep stages or upon waking are identified as parasomnias (American Academy of Sleep Medicine, 2014). Parasomnias are commonly experienced by most individuals during their lifetime. A Canadian study found that 88% of children manifested at least one parasomnia between age five months and six years (Kotagal, 2008). The incidence of parasomnias begins to decline after age 25 years. Almost all adults who experience parasomnias report a history of parasomnias during childhood (Kotagal, 2008). Parasomnia consists of various individual conditions, each with a different etiology and epidemiology, and can occur
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