Clinical Consequences Of Obesity And Obesity

1867 Words Dec 19th, 2015 8 Pages
Clinical Consequences of Obesity

Clinical Consequences of Obesity
Obesity is a growing issue in western and developing countries. It is a medical condition in which a person accumulates excess triacylglycerols in fatty tissue to the extent that it has negative consequences on the health of the person. Extreme cases of obesity are likely to have a genetic basis of which is majority polygenic. The body mass index of a healthy person should be between 20 and 25 but if it exceeds 26 the person is termed as overweight. If more fat is accumulated to the extent that the body mass index is more than 30, then the person is said to be obese. In addition, the pathophysiological mechanisms that cause obesity are mainly a mixture of the poisonous metabolic effects of free fatty acids and adipokines, which are the many messengers created by adipose tissue. Adipose tissue is a tissue article that, through hyperplasia changes, differs to a large extent between different individuals. The tissue, apart from acting as the storage site for triacylglycerols, also serves as an endocrine organ for producing various adipokines. There is thus a clear difference between obesity and overweight, and thus the two terms should not be used interchangeably. (Sikaris) Obesity is increasingly becoming a problem for a many people and especially among school-age pupils. Research shows that obesity has more than doubled among children in America and more than quadrupled among youth in…
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