Clinical Depression : Research And Treatment Methods

1081 Words5 Pages
Clinical Depression: Research and Treatment Methods One of the most common psychiatric disorders is known as clinical depression and affects anywhere between 3% and 13% of the population with some form of depressive symptoms affecting as much as 20% of the adult population at some point in their lives (Amenson & Lewinson, 1981; Kessler et al., 1994; Oliver & Simmons, 1985, as cited in Antonuccio, Danton, & DeNelsky, p. 574). The concept of ‘harmful dysfunction’ advanced by Horwitz and Wakefield (2007) describes two key components of clinical depression: a dysfunctional mechanism and the dysfunction being harmful to the individual (as cited in, Parker & Paterson, p.405). This paper explores the following questions: what does research indicate about clinical depression and what are the implications for treatment? Reviews are presented in regards to the emergence of depression and psychotherapy versus medication to treat clinical depression. Considerations are briefly discussed and the research paper will conclude with an interpretation of the critical points. Emergence of Depression According to Castrén (2005), geneticists are searching for particular genes that may be associated with mood disorders as they often occur in the family lineage. For example, the chemical hypothesis of depression states that extended periods of changes in either the productivity or action of molecules in the brain are said to cause mood disorders. In this case, individuals can make use of
Open Document