Clostridium Difficile : Infection Potential And Prevention

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Jason Lyles Dr. Wilson BIOL 2115 November 27, 2016 CLOSTRIDIUM DIFFICILE (c. diff) Heath Care Associated Infection Potential and Prevention Clostridium difficile, or C. difficile for short, are words that every healthcare worker hates to hear that their patient has, or may potentially have. This spore forming bacterium has significant healthcare-associated infection potential. An especially virulent strain has affected health care facilities throughout the U.S. and North America in the past few years. What C. difficile is, its symptoms, how it is transmitted, and the prevention transmission are important issues to all healthcare workers. These questions and issues will be covered in this paper. C. difficile is a Gram-positive obligate anaerobic or microaerophilic, rod-shaped bacterium. It is found in nature in water, air, human and animal feces, on most surfaces (especially in hospitals) and most prevalently in soil. C. difficile causes mild to severe diarrhea and intestinal conditions like inflammation of the colon (pseudomembranous colitis). C. difficile is the most frequent cause of infectious diarrhea in hospitals and long-term care facilities in the U.S. and many other nations. C. difficile is found in some healthy people but is not a major constituent of the microflora in colons of healthy adults but can grow to large populations in people that are treated with antibiotics, especially broad-spectrum antibiotics. This is because the antibiotics kill off the
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