Cnps 365 Midterm 1 Notes Essay

3947 WordsApr 15, 201316 Pages
Chapter 4 & 5 Psychoanalytic Therapy • Sigmund Freud. • Freuds psychoanalytical system = model of personality development, approach to psychotherapy • Often a benchmark used for other theories • Freudian view of human nature = deterministic • Behaviour determined by irrational forces, unconscious motivations 0biological/instinctual drives, evolve through key psycho sexual stages in first 6 years of life • Instincts central • Libido = energy of all life instincts • Libido, source of motivation that encompasses sexual energy but goes beyond it • Both sexual and aggressive drives are powerful determinants of why people act as they do • Psychoanalytical view – three systems for personality: id, ego, superego • Id = biological,…show more content…
Analysts listens for gaps, inconsistencies, free associations, infers meanings of dream • Psychoanalytic therapy is somewhat like putting pieces of puzzles together • Free association – say whatever comes to find, no self censorship (classical psychoanalysis) typical laying on a couch scenario • Transference – clients unconscious shifting to the analyst of feelings and fantasies that are reactions to significant others in the client’s past. Involves the unconscious repetition of the past in the present • Working through – exploration of unconscious material and defenses. Results in resolution of old pattrerns allows clients to make new choices • Countertransference, when therapist respond in irrational ways because their own conflicts trigger • Psychodynamic therapy – geared to limted objectives than to restructuring personality. Therapist lesss likely to use couch, fewer sessions per week, frequent use of supportive interventions, more self disclosure by therapist, focus more on pressing practical concerns than on fantasy material. • Aimed at increasing awareness, fostering insights into clients behaviour • 6 basic

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