Coal : Environmental And Environmental Impacts Of Coal

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Environmental Impacts of Coal According to researchers Armstrong & Menon (1998), coal is a major energy source, constituting 25% of energy consumption worldwide (21% in the United States) and 40% of electricity generation worldwide (45% in the United States). Coal accounts for 40% of anthropogenic CO2 emissions and is therefore a major contributor to climate change (Armstrong & Menon, 1998). Coal can be produced through surface or underground mining both dangerous operations for workers. Injuries occur from falling rocks, falls into mine shafts, misuse of machinery, gas inhalation, explosions, floods, and cave ins. Respiratory exposures to silica dust and coal dust place miners at risk of silicosis and coal workers’ pneumoconiosis. Miners also suffer an excess risk of lung cancer. Other occupational hazards include dangerous levels of heat and noise. Armstrong & Menon (1998), also claims that many modern coal mines involve mountaintop removal and strip mining, which result in ecological damage, stress nearby communities, increase the risk of mudslides, and contaminate water sources with waste emissions. After being mined, coal is processed and transported to power stations, factories, and other points of use. Armstrong & Menon (1998), explains that processing results in occupational hazards, including dust exposure, noise, ergonomic hazards, & carcinogen exposure. Implementing of the MINER Act within policies and regulations will give safer opportunities for
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