Cocaine Essay

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My report is on the drug cocaine. I will tell mainly how it affects the body and nervous system. I also have included where Cocaine comes from to help understand exactly what we’re talking about, and to clear up any misunderstanding about the drug. Cocaine is both a central nervous system stimulant and an anesthetic. It is found in the leaves of the coca plant. The traditional method of coca use is to chew the leaves, producing a mild stimulation. Outside of South America it is generally used in it’s more refined and extracted forms, either powder cocaine, or freebase cocaine and makes a much stronger effect than chewing the leaves. The term "Crack" is alternately used to refer to street quality freebase cocaine, or to refer to…show more content…
It is sucked on rather than chewed. It is still a common practice for a mother to introduce her young to the coca experience by preparing the wad of leaves in her mouth and then transferring it to the mouth of her child. In this way the proper amount of lime will be present in the first wad of leaves the child uses, which ensures that the first experience with coca will be a positive one. Cocaine was first extracted from coca in the 19th cent. and was at first hailed as a miracle drug. After all, it was used for a lot of things such as in dentistry. Most coca is grown in Peru, Bolivia, and Colombia. The farmers, for whom it is a relatively well-paying crop, harvest and dry the leaves, which are then processed into coca paste. Cocaine base is extracted from the paste in informal laboratories, usually in Peru or Bolivia. Further processing continues in Colombia, where the white powder, cocaine hydrochloride, is produced for export. Once in the United States, the cocaine is cut (diluted) with ingredients such as lactose, and sold or further processed into crack. Drug dealers make a lot of money off of Cocaine. The reason why this is, is because in South America, it’s very cheap for the stuff while in North America, the price shoots up quite a bit. Drugs can affect the body in a variety of ways, causing changes in the brain, the nervous system, and the synapses between nerves. Stimulants in particular, increase the release of

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